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AHB Sustainability


Production of biofuels and biochemicals from poplar trees must be environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable from start to finish. The AHB Sustainability team assessed impacts on the carbon cycle, wildlife, soil, water, and people. The team also compared climate and greenhouse gas impacts between poplar-based and petroleum-based fuels and biochemicals.


Complete a full life cycle assessment (LCA) of poplar-derived jet fuels. Monitor the demonstration sites for changes in soil, water, and wildlife. Identify optimal locations for poplar bioenergy farms and biorefineries.

Research Outcomes



  • Evaluated the economics of the entire value chain from growing the biomass to the production and end-use of bioproducts.
  • Geospatial models were coupled with techno-economic models to determine where biorefineries could be located.
  • Evaluated willingness to pay for cellulosic biofuels.


A photo of the Pilchuck poplars with a rainbow stretching across the sky behind them.

Go here for peer-reviewed publications by the Sustainability Team.