The land application of municipal and industrial wastewaters to hardwood and mixed hardwood/softwood forest systems is a well-established practice in North Carolina. These waste treatment systems provide an important opportunity to evaluate qualitative and quantitative impacts on the food, energy, fiber, and water nexus. Current research is quantifying ecosystem services, water resiliency, and the sustainability of these systems across urban and rural landscapes in North Carolina. In particular, current research is evaluating how these systems manage non-regulated contaminants and how these systems can be interfaced with other agricultural systems to improve sustainability for food, energy, forest, and water resources.
This project is supported by an Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Competitive Grant no. 2011-68005-30407 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA).